A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients. Chemistry, Physics and by Francis Leroy

By Francis Leroy

A special addition to public, college, company, and private libraries. vital reference for pros within the components of normal chemistry, utilized physics, and normal medication. a useful advisor to scholars of every age and academic degrees.

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Physical chemist. Nobel Prize for Chemistry for his discovery of new radioactive elements prepared artificially. Frederic Joliot graduated in physical engineering at the École de Physique et de Chimie Industrielle de la Ville de Paris in 1920, which was then directed by Paul Langevin. Some time later he was appointed as Marie Curie's assistant. There he met Irène Curie and married her in 1926. His doctoral thesis was on the electrochemistry of polonium, a radioactive element discovered by Marie Curie in 1898.

This is when he worked under masters of great stature, such as Max Planck, Otto Warburg, Emil Fischer, Walter Nernst, Svante Arrhenius, Eduard Buchner, and Jacobus van 't Hoff, all of them future Nobel Prize laureates. He chose to study fermentation and this led him to add major contributions to the earlier work of Harden. This chemist had shown that enzymes contain a nonprotein part, a coenzyme. Working out the structure of one of them, called nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide, he proved that it was made up from a nucleotide similar to that found in nucleic acid.

There he became interested in macromolecules and developed a method for determining their molecular weight from the way they scatter light when in solution. Peter Debye became a naturalised American citizen in 1946. 1937 Haworth, Walter (Chorley, England, March 19, 1883 Birmingham, March 19, 1950 ) . British chemist. Shared the Nobel Prize for Chemistry with Paul Karrer for his work in determining the chemical structures of carbohydrates and vitamin C. Walter Haworth studied chemistry at the University of Manchester and worked under Perkin on terpenes, a class of lipids.

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