By Deborah Madden
John Wesley's Primitive Physic (1747) completed twenty-three versions in his lifetime, making sure its renowned and debatable prestige in eighteenth-century medication. this can be the 1st full-length learn to check the theological, highbrow and cultural heritage to at least one of the period's such a lot profitable clinical texts. by means of exploring Wesley's paintings within the context of his theology, 'A affordable, secure and ordinary drugs' extends the on-going reconfiguration of the connection among faith and medication. Wesley was once on a theological venture to get well the primitive purity of the 1st Christians. but the treatments contained inside Primitive Physic recommend a realistic philosopher, whose crisis for non secular overall healthiness didn't hinder him from offering sensible suggestions to people who wanted it. The evolution of Wesley's pondering additionally demonstrates many of the struggles he confronted as chief of the Methodist stream, corresponding to the way in which he dealt with modern feedback of Primitive Physic while non secular 'enthusiasm' used to be usually conflated with scientific 'quackery'. 'A reasonable, secure and typical medication' may be of curiosity not just to scientific and literary historians, yet to someone who's drawn to the best way faith impacts drugs. Contents** Preface** Acknowledgements** half I: The clinical Holism of Primitive Physic** 1 advent: Primitive Physic Explain'd in a simple and traditional Method** 2 John Wesley's Hermeneutics of Primitive Christianity and functional Piety** three event and the typical curiosity of Mankind: Physic, an artwork or technology in Eighteenth-Century England?** four retaining overall healthiness, or a number of undeniable and straightforward Rules** half II: Primitive Physic: 'A selection of Receipts'** five Primitive Physic: affordable, secure and average medication for well-being and lengthy Life** 6 end: the quest for Pristine Purity** Bibliography** Index**
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Additional info for A Cheap, Safe and Natural Medicine. Religion, Medicine and Culture in John Wesley's Primitive Physic. (Clio Medica 83). (The Wellcome Series in the History of Medicine)
22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. Study of Eighteenth-Century Medicine (London: Epworth Press, 1958) in that it provides a brief overview of Wesley’s medical practice. J. ), Studies in Church History, Vol. 19, The Church and Healing (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1982), also provides a brief explication of Wesley’s ‘amateur’ medicine in the context of Methodist spiritual healing. G. R. Riddell, ‘Wesley’s System of Medicine’, New York Medical Journal, 99 (1914), 64–8 and G. Dock, ‘The Primitive Physick of Revd John Wesley: A Picture of Eighteenth-Century Medicine’, The Journal of the American Medical Association, 64 (1915), 629–38.
Where this has failed, cross-textual analysis of Wesley’s other scientific work, and extracts from his Journal and Letters, are important for gleaning insights into the omissions, as well as casting light on how he practised medicine generally. Enough now has been said about the arrangement of Wesley’s text here. What then, of other sources? It should be clear that a wide variety of other printed primary sources have been brought together; sources ranging from scientific tracts expounding upon electricity and the chemical composition of mineral water, to medical manuals theorising about the role of ‘obstructions’ in febrile diseases.
The exercises laid out in The Happy Ascetick, he argued, would keep the soul awake and strengthen it in the same manner that meat gave vigour to the body. ’71 By contrast, the souls of Primitive Christians were ‘nourished’ by the Holy Spirit, which helped them to achieve ‘high degrees of piety’. 72 As indicated by the title, The Happy Ascetick did not advocate extreme mortification but provided examples of when fasting was appropriate. Horneck implied that extreme acts of fasting led only to self-gratification and warned his readers to guard against this allegedly Catholic trait.