A Dictionary of Greek and Latin Legal Terms in Rabbinic by Daniel Sperber

By Daniel Sperber

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Additional info for A Dictionary of Greek and Latin Legal Terms in Rabbinic Literature (Dictionaries of Talmud, Midrash, and Targum)

Example text

Syr: XiriD, PnS 2214. Mand: margna, MandDict 252b—253a. However, the etymology of this word is from Pehlevi mdrgan, stick for killing snakes (MandDict 252b, and cf. ) The Targumic word presumably derives directly from the Pehlevi, rather than via Gk. 3 To give a further two examples: X t t D U D ' W X , nuptials: OTScpavjujuara. Cantab. sect. 27, 62a). See Lieberman, TK 5, 1182; Schechter, J Q R 4, 1892, 99 n l , citing Robertson Smith. ) Cf Sophocles 1010a. O I ^ D I t n x p , notary: xapxo(p6Xa^.

Cf e g ESRosenthal, apud Irano-Judaica, Jerusalem 1982, Heb sect 93 n i l . ) Finally an issue I have not dealt with in this context is that of loan-translations of legal terms. See, eg, ASRosenthal's comment in his article in YuvalShay, edBKurzweil, Ramat-Gan 1958, 300 n76, that the Heb terms (mVn) -|nn, S7Dp ,p0D correspond exactly with the Byz juristic terminology: Kpiveoftdi zs Kai zejuveoftai, or zdc; SiKaq zejuvsiv (Corp lur Nov 67. 12), though he does not discuss whether these are parallels or borrowings, and if the latter in which direction.

7, 1 l a 4 0 : WY\ o W D n M X K i n , Antichresis n o t this antichresis dvuxprjoic; is considered usury; or, D o e s involve u s u r y ? See AEhrman, Sinai 54/4-5, 1964, 177-84, and BCohen, Jewish and Roman Law, New York 1966, 437 (= MarxJubVol, New York 1950,183), explaining: does not the hiring out of the pledge lead to the possibility that the pawnee may get more than the value of the loan and delay returning the surplus, which will be usury. Cf AGulak, History of Jewish Law — Talmudic Law 1, Law of Obligation and its Guaranties, Jerusalem 1939, 72 (Hebrew).

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