A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to by Elizabeth Endicott

By Elizabeth Endicott

An illustrated heritage of the pastoral nomadic lifestyle in Mongolia, this e-book examines the various demanding situations that Mongolian herders proceed to stand within the fight over normal assets within the post-socialist loose industry period.

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Extra info for A History of Land Use in Mongolia: The Thirteenth Century to the Present

Sample text

Simukov noted that the spacing of ayils at great distance from one another led to an insular and monotonous way of life, punctuated only by occasional trips to a nearby monastery or trips for trade purposes. Interestingly, the Gobi pattern of pastureland usage was not as predictably regular as in the mountainous regions of north-central Mongolia, including the Khangai. Winter and summer pastures were intermingled in the Gobi, though in general Gobi herders preferred open spaces in summer and mountainous or hilly terrain in winter.

Mongolia’s Regions 35 to heat the ger and to provide fuel for cooking. The use of dried animal dung is an environmentally sound methodology practiced by pastoral nomads past and present throughout Central Eurasia. 1). The collection of argal is generally women’s and children’s work. 2). The availability of firewood varies by region in Mongolia, and thus the ratio of argal to wood as fuel to warm the ger varies as well. The Gobi, for instance, differs from other regions in herders’ dependence upon shrubs as fuel.

2 Woman with argal collection basket, Arkhangai Aimag, 2002. 36 Older saksaul help prevent erosion because of their very deep root systems that stabilize sandy soil; mature saksaul also combat wind erosion and thus contribute to the ongoing battle against desertification. In addition to harvesting saksaul for their ger stoves, herders in the Gobi use the foliage of the saksaul as fodder for their livestock. Camel continue to graze in saksaul forests in spite of environmental regulations. 3 Gobi saksaul, 2006.

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