By Committee to Review the National Nanotechnology Initiative, National Research Council
The nationwide Nanotechnology Initiative (NNI) used to be created in 2000 to concentration and coordinate the nanoscience and nanotechnology study and improvement (R&D) actions being funded via a number of federal businesses. the aim of the NNI is to marshal those learn actions to be able to speed up accountable improvement and deployment of nanotechnology for fiscal gain and nationwide protection. To take inventory of the development of the NNI, Congress, in P. L. 108-153, the twenty first Century Nanotechnology learn and improvement Act, directed the nationwide learn Council to hold out a evaluate of this system each 3 years. This record offers the result of the 1st of these reports, which addresses the commercial influence of nanotechnology advancements and gives a benchmark of U.S. R&D efforts relative to these undertaken through overseas rivals. furthermore, the file bargains an review of the present prestige of in charge improvement of nanotechnology and reviews at the feasibility of molecular self-assembly.
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Html A Review of the N a t i o na l N an o t e c h n o l o g y I n i t i a t i v e • The Center for Functional Nanomaterials, based at the Brookhaven National Laboratory, will focus on characterization of the chemical and physical response of nanomaterials as a basis for making functional materials such as sensors, activators, and energy-conversion devices. • The Center for Integrated Nanotechnologies, involving Los Alamos National Laboratory and Sandia National Laboratories, will concentrate on nanophotonics and nanoelectronics, complex functional nanomaterials, nanomechanics, and nanoscale/bio/microscale interfaces.
All rights reserved. html A M at t e r 30 of BOX 1-3 Continued NASA • Institute for Cell Mimetic Space Exploration—University of California Los Angeles, Arizona State University, California Institute of Technology, University of California Irvine • Institute for Intelligent Bio-Nanomaterials & Structures for Aerospace Vehicles— Texas A&M University, University of Texas at Arlington, University of Houston, Texas Southern University, Rice University, Prairie View A&M University • Bio-Inspection, Design and Processing of Multi-functional Nanocomposites— Princeton University • Institute for Nanoelectronics and Computing—Purdue University, Northwestern University, Cornell University, University of Florida, University of California San Diego, Yale University, Texas A&M University NIOSH • Center of Excellence in Nanotechnology Research NIST User Centers • Advanced Measurement Laboratory • NIST Center for Neutron Research • National Nanomanufacturing and Nanometrology Facility NSF (NSEC, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center) • Center for Nanoscale Systems, Nanoscale Science and Engineering Center (NSEC)— Cornell University, Harvard University, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, University of California Santa Barbara, Delft University, University of Basel, University of Tokyo • Center for Nanoscience in Biological & Environmental Engineering—Rice University, University of Texas • Integrated Nanopatterning and Detection (NSEC)—Northwestern University, University of Chicago, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, Harold Washington College • Electron Transport in Molecular Nanostructures (NSEC)—Columbia University • Nanoscale Systems and Their Device Applications (NSEC)—Harvard University, MIT, University of California Santa Barbara, Delft University of Technology, University of Basel, University of Tokyo • Directed Assembly of Nanostructures (NSEC)—Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign • Nanobiotechnology, Science and Technology Center—Cornell University, Columbia University, Harvard University, Northwestern University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Rice University • Extreme Ultraviolet Science and Technology—Colorado State University, University of California Berkeley, University of Colorado Boulder • Center for Scalable and Integrated Nano-Manufacturing (NSEC)—UCLA, University of California Berkeley, Stanford University, University of California San Diego, University of North Carolina at Charlotte Copyright © National Academy of Sciences.
The committee notes that it was clear early on that carrying out a comprehensive assessment of the science being funded by the NNI was beyond the means available to the study. The field of nanotechnology is so broad and involves so many disciplines that assessing the science output attributable to the NNI would be an enormously difficult task. A comprehensive study would require a thorough assessment of research programs across the 11 NNI-participating agencies, involving tremendously diverse fields spanning the physical and biomedical sciences.