By Marcus Ackroyd, Laurence Brockliss, Michael Moss, Kathryn Retford, John Stevenson
Supplying the 1st ever statistical examine of a pro cohort within the period of the commercial revolution, this prosopographical examine of a few 450 surgeons who joined the military scientific provider in the course of the progressive and Napoleonic wars, charts the history, schooling, army and civilian occupation, marriage, sons' occupations, wealth at dying, and broader social and cultural pursuits of the contributors of the cohort. It unearths the position which may be performed through the nascent professions during this interval in selling swift social mobility. the gang of scientific practitioners chosen for this research didn't come from prosperous or specialist households yet profited from their years within the military to accumulate a pretty good and infrequently impressive fortune, marry into the professions, and position their sons in expert careers. The learn contributes to our knowing of Britishness within the interval, because the majority of the cohort got here from small-town and rural Scotland and eire yet seldom came upon their better halves within the local nation and regularly settled in London and different English towns, the place they typically grew to become pillars of the neighborhood.
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Additional resources for Advancing with the Army: Medicine, the Professions and Social Mobility in the British Isles 1790-1850
Army surgeons were chosen as the point of entry for several reasons. In the ﬁrst place, they had a foot in both the state and private professions. On the one hand, as a cadre they expanded in response to the increasing demands of the wars of the ‘long eighteenth century’, growing in numbers and organizational sophistication. But, although called into being by war, they were also the beneﬁciaries of an expanding economy and an increasingly consumer-orientated society. Frequently forced out of army service or simply choosing to return to civilian life on the cessation of hostilities, they were often able to take advantage of the general level of economic growth and of the opportunities offered by a wealthy society with growing demands for medical care.
Although, as has been noted, constructing a prosopography of naval surgeons during the French wars is a much more difﬁcult task, two of the authors—Brockliss and Moss—have begun to do so, using as their initial source the service registers dating from the early 1830s. ⁶² ⁵⁸ It is touched upon in Brockliss, ‘Professions’ (n. 6 above), esp. 23–4. ⁵⁹ No. 24 in the database. ⁶⁰ It was as Major Dwarris that his estate was registered for probate in 1905. ⁶¹ The same restrictions to access apply as for the army database: see above, n.
Ranks in the Army Medical Service 1804 Equivalent army rank Hospital matea Regimental assistant surgeon Subaltern Subaltern Apothecary to the forcesc Regimental Surgeon Staff surgeon Physician to the forcesf Deputy inspector of hospitals Inspector of hospitals Captaind 1830 1840 Status Regimental assistant Regimental assistant Lieutenant surgeon surgeon Staff assistant surgeon Lieutenant Staff Assistantb Regimental surgeon Staff surgeon Assistant inspector of hospitalsg Deputy inspectorgeneral Inspector-general Regimental surgeon Staff surgeon class IIe Staff surgeon I class Captain Captain Major Deputy inspectorgeneral of hospitals Inspector-general of hospitals Lieutenant colonel Brigadier a b From 1813 called hospital assistants.